Pelosi and other House Democrats have argued that Trump's emergency declaration, which he is using as a way to spend more on barriers at the border than Congress has authorized, violates the Constitution. Four Republican senators have publicly committed to voting with Democrats on the resolution, which needs just 51 votes to pass the Senate, and a number of others are considering doing so as well. Sen.
As a Thursday showdown vote in the Senate neared, GOP Sens.
Still, it would call attention to congressional opposition to one of his chief campaign pledges: building the wall.
Pelosi's move seemed aimed at persuading GOP senators wavering over the resolution disapproving Trump's border emergency that they would get no political protection by supporting the bill curbing future emergencies because it will never become law.
Many Senate Republicans have stood by the president and said that Trump is right to take action on the border.
"If Congress is troubled by recent emergency declarations made pursuant to the National Emergencies Act, they only have themselves to blame", said a statement from Lee. Some Republicans think Trump went too far in declaring an emergency, but they also are eager to avoid defying a president popular with conservative voters.
The White House has been trying to avert defeat.
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Republicans who oppose the national emergency are anxious that future Democratic presidents could usurp the power of Congress to fund the government and use the tactic to pass their own pet programs.
If the Senate sends the resolution blocking Trump's border emergency to the White House, Congress would be highly unlikely to muster the two-thirds majorities needed to eventually override a veto. Rand Paul (R-KY), Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), and Tom Tillis (R-NC) have signaled their support for the bill to end the national emergency to build the wall and make it harder to secure the border in face of Congress' inability to pass a bill with significant wall funding. He announced later that he would be voting for the resolution to terminate the declaration.
Under a 1976 law, presidents have wide discretion in determining when a national emergency has occurred.
But the White House, in private, had been skeptical of the effort and has proposed some changes to lessen its impact, according to senators and other officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss private deliberations.
A vote on Lee's plan was expected after Congress returns from a recess later this month.
Under the emergency declaration Trump signed on February 15, he would take money from other federal programs to build the barrier he says is needed to curb illegal immigration and the flow of illicit drugs.
The White House says that Trump is within his rights to declare the national emergency and that opposing him will be seen as a vote against border security - which could play poorly in their home states.