Prosecutors say some of those accused were also involved in the thwarted hacking of the global chemical watchdog in the Netherlands, revealed by Dutch authorities earlier.
A grand jury in the western district of Pennsylvania has indicted seven defendants, all officers in the Russian Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU), a military intelligence agency of the general staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, for computer hacking, wire fraud, aggravated identity theft, and money laundering.
Canada echoed a cascade of condemnation coming from Australia, Britain and the Netherlands, accusing Moscow of a series of unprecedented espionage operations in both the physical and digital worlds.
The diplomatic passport of Evgenii Serebriakov, one of four Russian officers expelled from the Netherlands.
The roll-call of GRU malfeasance began at midnight in Britain, when British and Australian authorities accused the Russian agency of being behind the catastrophic cyberattack that caused billions in losses to Ukraine in June 2017 and a host of other hacks, including the Democratic Party email leaks and online cyber propaganda that sowed havoc before Americans voted in the 2016 presidential election.
The Russians set up in the Marriott Hotel next door to the OPCW and took photos, while parking the auto at the hotel with the boot facing the OPCW, he said.
When Dutch agents swooped on April 13 they found electronic equipment in the boot of the vehicle to intercept the OPCW's wifi and log in codes, including an antenna hidden in the back of the auto and facing the chemical weapons watchdog.
The men were then taken to Amsterdam's Schiphol airport where they were immediately put on a flight to Moscow. And their allies around the world issued stark assessments of what they described as a campaign of hacking by Russia's GRU military intelligence agency.
Dutch authorities escorted four Russian intelligence officers out of the country hours after the auto they had rented was found parked near the OPCW's building in The Hague, its trunk full of gear for hacking WiFi networks.
The activities in Malaysia were related to the investigation into the 2014 shooting down of flight MH17 over Ukraine, Bijleveld added.
MHD : Cette vidéo qui a provoqué la colère du rappeur !
Selon une source policière, les deux hommes ont été interpellés après " des outrages et des menaces ". La vidéo a été vue pas moins de 526.000 fois sur Twitter .
The men had planned to travel on to a laboratory in Spiez, Switzerland used by the OPCW to analyse samples, Dutch Major-General Onno Eichelsheim said. They also showed photos of the men outside the hotel.
It cites attacks on the World Anti-Doping Agency, Ukrainian transport systems, the 2016 USA presidential race and others as very likely the work of the GRU.
Demers said the operations - dating back to 2014 - "involved sophisticated, persistent and unauthorized access into the victims' computer networks for the goal of stealing private or otherwise sensitive information".
On Thursday, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs summoned the Russian ambassador and condemned Russia's "unacceptable" behavior with these attacks.
Worldwide anti-doping organizations and officials were targeted by the Russian operatives after they exposed and condemned Russia's athletic doping program.
A dozen hacking group code names were listed and said by the British to be "almost certainly" cover for the GRU: among them APT 28, Fancy Bear, Voodoo Bear, and CyberCaliphate - this last one previously linked to the so-called Islamic State group.
Four of them, also named by the Netherlands, are said to have travelled the world using wifi connections and phishing operations to hack their targets.
"It's some kind of a diabolical perfume cocktail [of allegations]", TASS news agency quoted Zakharova as telling reporters.
A spokesman for the defence ministry told DutchNews.nl that the alleged cyber spies were not arrested because ejection was considered a more effective option.
Dutch-led investigators concluded that the plane was downed by a missile belonging to a Russian military unit.